 The expected total output, usually express in units produced or hours worked, is estimated at the time of acquisition and based on the activity in the period proportionate depreciation is calculated. Although the right name of method is unit of production butunitsof production is widely used. Units of production is a popular depreciation https://www.bookstime.com/ method that allows businesses to allocate the cost of a fixed asset based upon its use. Common in manufacturing, the units of production rate is calculated by dividing the equipment’s cost by its expected lifetime production. Multiplying this rate by the asset’s output for the year gives you the depreciation expense for that year.

• Calculating unit of production depreciation manually can be hectic and time consuming, fortunately an online calculator can be used as a substitute.
• It would lead to a wastage of time and resources in tracking asset usage.
• When in doubt, it is always best to consult with an accountant on all of your financial business matters.
• It allows companies to take more depreciation at a time when the asset is more productive/ more used.

Unit of production method charges more depreciation to the period that benefited as asset was used more or for longer hours and charges less to the period in which asset wasn’t so active. This makes depreciation charge estimation much more logical and accurate. If the estimated number of hours of usage or units of production changes over time, incorporate these changes into the calculation of the depreciation cost per hour or unit of production.

## Unit of Production vs. MACRS Methods

You will also have to track how many units an asset produced to make sure your calculation is accurate. With the units of production depreciation method, an asset’s value is based on how much it is used—or the number of units it has produced. This method is often used for manufacturing equipment that wears down over time as it produces more products. This calculator is for units of production method of depreciation of an asset or, the amount of depreciation for each unit and period. This calculation is equivalent to our units of activity depreciation calculator. The production run method is also known as units of production method or units of output method. Under this method, the depreciation rate is estimated based on the total estimated output.

• The unit of production depreciation is a method to calculate the depreciation on an asset.
• Then you multiply the units of actual production by the units of production rate, which gives you the total depreciation expense.
• The modified accelerated cost recovery system is a standard way to depreciate assets for tax purposes.
• The four main depreciation methods mentioned above are explained in detail below.
• Danielle is a writer for the Finance division of Fit Small Business.

Like double declining, sum-of-the-years is best used with assets that lose more of their value early in their useful life. This page was created with the purpose to illustrate how the system calculates depreciation when depreciation key is defined with base method Unit-of-production.

## How to Calculate Units of Production Depreciation

Below is the summary of all four depreciation methods from the examples above. We will segregate the unit of production depreciation formula into two parts to understand it in a better way. Depreciation is an accounting method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life to account for declines in value over time. This method can units of production method be contrasted with time-based measures of depreciation such as straight-line or accelerated methods. Double declining depreciation is a good method to use when you expect the asset to lose its value earlier rather than later. Compared with the straight-line method, it doubles the amount of depreciation expense you can take in the first year.